With change in the lifestyle and diet of the population, currently we observe masses being affected by diseases and disorders related to heart.
Some of the most common types of heart diseases are
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Cardiac Arrest
- High Blood Pressure
- Congestive Heart Failure
- Peripheral Artery Disease
- Congenital Heart disease
These conditions have to be immediately addressed, treated and managed to avoid any severe complications. The prominent surgical methods include Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, Heart Valve Repair or Replacement, Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization, Heart Transplant and even Open-Heart Surgery. Lifestyle changes including healthy diet patterns, increased physical activities and quit smoking and alcohol are to be followed for the effective management of heart disease.
Heart Transplant is a surgical method to remove a diseased heart of the patient and replace it with a healthy heart received from a deceased donor’s body. This method is widely practiced in those patients who have end-stage heart failure or severe Coronary Artery Disease. Congestive Heart failure is a condition where the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs due to damaged or weak cardiac muscles. In end-stage heart failure, no other treatment or medical procedures can improve the condition. For temporary relief, ventricular assist devices or total artificial hearts can be used. Even though it is not the cure for the condition of heart failure, it can help to improve the quality of life of the patient.
The procedure might have complications like infection, organ rejection, sepsis or even the adverse drug reactions of immunosuppressive medications. Such surgical procedures should be done by high expertise surgeons. India as a medical hub, has numerous expert cardiac specialists across the country. Some of the top heart transplant doctors in India are Dr. Rajesh Sharma, Dr. Neville Solomon, Dr. Ashok Seth, Dr. Naresh Trehan, Dr. Ajay Kaul, Dr. S.K Sinha among others. A multidisciplinary approach is envisaged and heart transplant procedure is carried out. One can choose from the set of specialty hospitals across the cities of Delhi, Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Bhopal, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai and other important cities. The recipients should register for the need of organs and can connect with the donors at the time of availability. A donor’s heart is selected based on the criteria that the donor should be 50-55 years of age, with no history of heart disease or cancer, hepatitis or HIV. A donor whose brain is dead is chosen and blood groups are matched and selected.
India has one of the best and most sophisticated facilities and techniques for heart transplant in the world. The country has gained prominence on the world map with a numerous successful heart transplant cases. Some of the most effective surgical procedures and medications have helped in achieving greater number of successful surgeries. Famous cardiologists in India have gained recognition all over the world for their contributions in heart transplantation. The basic steps in the procedure of heart transplantation include:
- Pre- Evaluation for Heart Transplant
- Register with Heart Transplant Organization or Hospital
- Getting a donor heart
- Undergoing the surgical procedure for heart transplant
The total cost of heart transplantation in India is estimated to be about US$31,000-46,000. As a part of medical travel hub, India is one of the most sought countries and has ample facilities for surgery, labs, pharmacies, stay and others.